Friday, May 27, 2011 - 09:13
The birthplace and education
1969-1973 – he had been on party Komsomol work in a Temirtau city of the Karaganda area.
1973-1977 – he had been a secretary of Communist Party committee of the Karaganda metallurgical industrial complex.
1977-1979 – he had been a secretary, and then the second secretary of Karaganda region committee party.
1979-1984 – he had been a secretary of the Communist Party’s Central Committee in Kazakhstan.
1984-1989 – he had been a Chairman of the Ministers council of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.
1989-1991 – he had been the first secretary of the Communist Party’s Central Committee in Kazakhstan. Simultaneously from February till April, 1990 he had been the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.
Since April, 1990 – he has been a President of Kazakhstan Republic.
In 1991 on the 1st of December, the first national elections of the republic president took place, when N.Nazarbaev got a support of 98,7 % of voters.
In 1995 on the 29th of April, as a result of a national referendum the authority of President N.Nazarbaev was prolonged to 2000 year.
In 1999, on the 10th of January, during early election he was elected again to the post of Kazakhstan Republic President, when he received 79,78 % of voices.
In 2005, on the 4th of December, he was elected to the post the Kazakhstan Republic President once more, when he received 91,15 % of votes.
N.Nazarbaev takes a chairman post of the Assembly of the Kazakhstan people, and also heads the World association of Kazakhs.
Sights and estimations
N.Nazarbaev counted on denuclearized foreign policy of Kazakhstan, having closed nuclear range in Semipalatinsk and having destroyed all nuclear battle shots remained in republic from the Soviet period. Within 1996-2005 years Kazakhstan had completely finished delimitation of the borders with the next States.
Under N.Nazarbaev Kazakhstan entered in the rank of the military-political blocks, the political and economic organizations - CSA (1992; with 2002 - OCSA), OSCE (1992), CAEC (1994), Shanghai five (1995, transformed to 2001 in SCO), EurAsEC (2000), CICMA (2002), CES (2003). The president declared of Kazakhstan’s intention to join WTO. Thus, according to the experts, Kazakhstan couldn't become the absolute leader in the Central-Asian region, but Russia, China and the USA became its main political and economic partners. Recognizing that Kazakhstan has not an outlet to the sea, N.Nazarbaev counted on the maximum use of land transport-communication potential of the country. In October, 2005 N.Nazarbaev declared intention of Kazakhstan to enter into ten largest suppliers of oil on the international market the next ten years. This decision is based on the presence in republic of rather developed infrastructure of oil and gas transportation from extracting regions to the Russian pipeline systems.
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