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Nursultan Nazarbaev

Friday, May 27, 2011 - 09:13

The birthplace and education
He was born in Chemolgan village of Kaskelensky rayon, Alma-Ata region. In 1967 he finished factory-technical college at the Karaganda metallurgical industrial complex. In 1976 - instruction by correspondence in the High party school at the Central Committee of the CPSU. H e is a Doctor of Economics.
From 1960 to 1969 he had been working at the Karaganda metallurgical industrial complex.

1969-1973 – he had been on party Komsomol work in a Temirtau city of the Karaganda area.

1973-1977 – he had been a secretary of Communist Party committee of the Karaganda metallurgical industrial complex.

1977-1979 – he had been a secretary, and then the second secretary of Karaganda region committee party.

1979-1984 – he had been a secretary of the Communist Party’s Central Committee in Kazakhstan.

1984-1989 – he had been a Chairman of the Ministers council of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.

1989-1991 – he had been the first secretary of the Communist Party’s Central Committee in Kazakhstan. Simultaneously from February till April, 1990 he had been the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.

Since April, 1990 – he has been a President of Kazakhstan Republic.

In 1991 on the 1st of December, the first national elections of the republic president took place, when N.Nazarbaev got a support of 98,7 % of voters.

In 1995 on the 29th of April, as a result of a national referendum the authority of President N.Nazarbaev was prolonged to 2000 year.

In 1999, on the 10th of January, during early election he was elected again to the post of Kazakhstan Republic President, when he received 79,78 % of voices.

In 2005, on the 4th of December, he was elected to the post the Kazakhstan Republic President once more, when he received 91,15 % of votes.

N.Nazarbaev takes a chairman post of the Assembly of the Kazakhstan people, and also heads the World association of Kazakhs.

Sights and estimations
In 1997 N.Nazarbaev transferred capital from the south of the country to the north - from Alma-Ata to Akmola which was later renamed into Astana (to prevent possible loss of northern territories of Kazakhstan populated mainly by Russian people). Thus he introduced people connected with him by the blood relationship in the higher power structures of the country.

N.Nazarbaev counted on denuclearized foreign policy of Kazakhstan, having closed nuclear range in Semipalatinsk and having destroyed all nuclear battle shots remained in republic from the Soviet period. Within 1996-2005 years Kazakhstan had completely finished delimitation of the borders with the next States.

Under N.Nazarbaev Kazakhstan entered in the rank of the military-political blocks, the political and economic organizations - CSA (1992; with 2002 - OCSA), OSCE (1992), CAEC (1994), Shanghai five (1995, transformed to 2001 in SCO), EurAsEC (2000), CICMA (2002), CES (2003). The president declared of Kazakhstan’s intention to join WTO. Thus, according to the experts, Kazakhstan couldn't become the absolute leader in the Central-Asian region, but Russia, China and the USA became its main political and economic partners. Recognizing that Kazakhstan has not an outlet to the sea, N.Nazarbaev counted on the maximum use of land transport-communication potential of the country. In October, 2005 N.Nazarbaev declared intention of Kazakhstan to enter into ten largest suppliers of oil on the international market the next ten years. This decision is based on the presence in republic of rather developed infrastructure of oil and gas transportation from extracting regions to the Russian pipeline systems.
And also in 2006 the President signed an agreement with Azerbaijan about oil pipeline sharing "Baku-Tbilisi-Dzhejhan" which route bypasses the Russian territory.

N.Nazarbaev became one of participants of business about corruption in Kazakhstan also known as "Kazahgate". In the end of 1999 the Swiss inspectors found out and froze some bank accounts ostensibly belonging to the high-ranking Kazakhstan officials, including N.Nazarbaev. It was found out that money for these accounts arrived basically from the American oil companies. In 2000 the USA connected to the process of investigation. So in July, 2000 some more accounts also ostensibly belonging to the President of Kazakhstan were found out and frozen. Their total sum made about 1 billion dollars. The Kazakhstan authorities tried to hush up scandal not once, and in May, 2004 N.Nazarbaev defined his position about this affair for the first time, gave up from "Kazahgate" publicly. However in 2007 the Kazakhstan authorities refused from the claims for these means and justice department of the USA signed the decision about confiscation of 84 million dollars in favor of children's fund from the account in the Swiss bank, belonging to the Ministry of Finance in Kazakhstan.

He is awarded the order the Labor Red Banner and an award "Sign of Honor".

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