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Medical Science


Currently, Kazakhstan has a number of advanced scientific achievements, with which the republic can enter the world market of pharmaceutical products. Executive Director of the Association of Distributors of Pharmaceutical Products of Kazakhstan Natalia Gunko reported this while delivering a speech at the round table that was held in the framework of the 23th International Exhibition “Healthcare KIHE 2016.” “Kazakhstan has a very rich base of raw herbal materials. Currently, the global market witnesses an increase in consumption of herbal remedies.


In recent years, Kazakhstan has been witnessing active development of an area of medicine such as transplantology, which makes it possible to increase the number of organ transplantations. According to the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the country, comprehensive measures have been taken for development of this field of medicine. “In 2010, only two technologies were available; their number grew to four in 2011, seven in 2012, and ten in 2015. These are operations to transplant liver, heart, pancreas and kidney, artificial left ventricle, bone marrow.


On May 1, 2016, Kazakhstan will introduce the official national drug list, as reported by Minister of Social Development and Health Tamara Duysenova on April 11. “Back in November, we published the list on our website, and now it has been elaborated by all medical institutions of the country. On May 1, we will put it into force,” the Minister said in her speech during the ceremony of signing a memorandum for containment of prices for medicines and drugs.



By 2017, Kazakhstan intends to automate medical institutions of all levels. Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic Dariga Nazarbayeva made this statement at an Astana-based briefing on March 30. According to her, computerization and automation are “a mandatory and necessary step” for successful and efficient operation of the compulsory medical insurance system, which will be launched in the country on January 1, 2017.



Uzbekistan will receive a loan of $22.8 million from the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development. It follows from the text of the relevant loan agreement, which was signed in Tashkent by First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of Uzbekistan Rustam Azimov and Deputy Director General of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development Hamad Sulaiman Al-Omar. The loan accommodated by the Fund will be used to finance the project for equipping the departments of dialysis and urology at various medical institutions of Uzbekistan with the necessary medical equipment.


This year, the pharmaceutical industry of Uzbekistan plans to export products manufactured by enterprises of this sphere for a total of $14.5 million. According to Uzfarmsanoat, last year the volume of pharmaceutical exports amounted to about $11.2 million. This year, the increase of exports is to be achieved through development of new types of drugs and other pharmaceutical products. In addition, it was stressed that the majority of products will be manufactured on the basis of local raw materials of vegetable origin.



Development of the Kyrgyz health care system requires assistance of investors. Minister of Health Talantbek Batyraliev stated so in the course of the press conference on March 4. According to him, the 2016 budget of the health sector is about KGS2.5 billion, of which 80 percent will be spent on utilities and wages, and the remaining 20 percent will be used to develop health care in the country. However, the remaining money are not sufficient for buying new equipment and building new buildings, and therefore it is necessary to attract investors.



On March 1, the system of compulsory health social insurance was put into operation in Kazakhstan, as reported by local media. It's basis is the law of the Republic “On Mandatory Social Medical Insurance,” under which the citizens of Kazakhstan are required to make regular contributions to the corresponding fund. For some categories of the population, the state will make such contributions. With that, the rate of the contributions paid by the state for citizens belonging to socially vulnerable groups of the population will be 7 percent of the average monthly salary.


Tajikistan has established a new medical school to solve the relevant problem of personnel shortages in the health sector. According to the press-service of the President, the Tajik government has adopted the corresponding decree. In accordance with the document, the Khatlon State Medical University will be located 90 kilometers south-east of Dushanbe, in the territory of Dangara District. The new higher education institution will include the building and a number of facilities of the state educational institution “Dangara State University.”



In autumn 2016, Kazakhstan plans to make antibiotics available only on prescription from a doctor. This is precisely the goal set in the framework of the project “Astana Chooses Health,” which came into effect on February 25. “We understand the need to carry out a preparatory work, and we will have it done in Astana as well as in provinces of the country.