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Medical Science


A number of changes are being prepared in the healthcare sector of Kazakhstan. They are related to the provision of emergency medical care to the population. The Ministry of Health of the Republic initiated the reforms. Currently, its representatives consider various proposals used in the OECD countries in the past few decades. According to the Ministry, in Kazakhstan the average time of arrival of an ambulance to the patient is 25 minutes, and the share of calls responded late reaches the level of 7 percent.



On January 1, 2018, Kazakhstan will start the practical implementation of the project “Electronic Health Passports.” Minister of Health of the Republic Elzhan Birtanov reported the news on May 11. According to him, plans are afoot to complete the creation of electronic health passports by July 1; they will be filled in with data in the second half of the year. Worth recalling, the work on this project has been ongoing since 2015. Currently, it is already being tested in Astana, on the basis of the ninth clinic.


The deputies of the lower chamber (Majilis) of the Kazakh parliament approved in the first reading a number of amendments to the current health care legislation. According to them, foreigners who reside in Kazakhstan permanently are provided an opportunity to receive treatment free of charge.


Kazakhstan plans to form a single public health service, which will focus on the prevention of diseases rather than their treatment. Minister of Health of the Republic Yelzhan Birtanov made this statement during the recent regular meeting of the government. In his words, up to 98 percent of deaths and morbidity in Kazakhstan, as well as in most countries of the world, account for non-communicable chronic diseases. The expenditures on their treatment amount to about 95-96 percent of all the healthcare expenditures.



In Uzbekistan, the 2017-2021 Program for modernization of the emergency medical care system has been approved. It happened in accordance with the decree of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev “On measures aimed at further improvement of the emergency medical care system,” which was published on the website of the National Legislation Database. For the implementation of this program, there will be allocated funds in the amount of $70.6 million. In particular, this year the car park of the emergency medical care system will be updated with 1,200 units of specialized vehicles.


By 2020, the government of Uzbekistan will begin to independently finance the purchase of necessary vaccines. On March 3, the news was announced by Sasha Graumann, the representative of UNICEF in the republic. “By the end of 2019, Uzbekistan's external support for the purchase of vaccines will come to an end. The government is now working together with UNICEF on effective budget planning to achieve sustainable vaccine procurement and immunization for children,” Graumann said.



By the end of 2017, up to 30 large pharmaceutical companies will be commissioned in Uzbekistan. It became possible due to the benefits recently granted to manufacturers of medicines and medical products. According to head of the State Joint Stock Company “Uzfarmsanoat” Mirzanozim Dusmuratov, currently about 140 pharmaceutical enterprises operate in the country, producing more than 2,000 names of various drugs.



In 2018, within a special state program, Kyrgyzstan's “National Center for AIDS” will for the first time conduct a study needed to obtain the statistics of AIDS and HIV among labor migrants from Kyrgyzstan. Head of this organization Ulan Kadyrkulov announced the news at a press conference held on January 27. According to him, the living conditions of the Kyrgyz citizens working abroad have a negative effect on the risk of infection.



This year, Uzbekistan has seen a reduction in prices for socially important drugs produced by local companies. The decline was in the range of 8 to 44 percent, depending on the medication. Head of the Main Directorate for quality control of medical devices and drugs Habibullo Jalilov reported the news on the website of the Ministry of Health. “Recently, cases of violation of rules and regulations in the process of issuing prescriptions have become frequent, as well as the prescription of drugs of foreign manufacturers instead of local products.


In 2020, Kazakhstan will introduce the procedure for compulsory licensing of doctors, based on an independent assessment of their skills and knowledge. As noted by specialists on this occasion, it will not only give an opportunity to raise the professional level of the medical staff. It will also create a competitive environment in the health-care industry. As for the patients, this innovation will enable them to choose the attending physician independently.