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Medical Science


Kazakhstan plans to form a single public health service, which will focus on the prevention of diseases rather than their treatment. Minister of Health of the Republic Yelzhan Birtanov made this statement during the recent regular meeting of the government. In his words, up to 98 percent of deaths and morbidity in Kazakhstan, as well as in most countries of the world, account for non-communicable chronic diseases. The expenditures on their treatment amount to about 95-96 percent of all the healthcare expenditures.



In Uzbekistan, the 2017-2021 Program for modernization of the emergency medical care system has been approved. It happened in accordance with the decree of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev “On measures aimed at further improvement of the emergency medical care system,” which was published on the website of the National Legislation Database. For the implementation of this program, there will be allocated funds in the amount of $70.6 million. In particular, this year the car park of the emergency medical care system will be updated with 1,200 units of specialized vehicles.


By 2020, the government of Uzbekistan will begin to independently finance the purchase of necessary vaccines. On March 3, the news was announced by Sasha Graumann, the representative of UNICEF in the republic. “By the end of 2019, Uzbekistan's external support for the purchase of vaccines will come to an end. The government is now working together with UNICEF on effective budget planning to achieve sustainable vaccine procurement and immunization for children,” Graumann said.



By the end of 2017, up to 30 large pharmaceutical companies will be commissioned in Uzbekistan. It became possible due to the benefits recently granted to manufacturers of medicines and medical products. According to head of the State Joint Stock Company “Uzfarmsanoat” Mirzanozim Dusmuratov, currently about 140 pharmaceutical enterprises operate in the country, producing more than 2,000 names of various drugs.



In 2018, within a special state program, Kyrgyzstan's “National Center for AIDS” will for the first time conduct a study needed to obtain the statistics of AIDS and HIV among labor migrants from Kyrgyzstan. Head of this organization Ulan Kadyrkulov announced the news at a press conference held on January 27. According to him, the living conditions of the Kyrgyz citizens working abroad have a negative effect on the risk of infection.



This year, Uzbekistan has seen a reduction in prices for socially important drugs produced by local companies. The decline was in the range of 8 to 44 percent, depending on the medication. Head of the Main Directorate for quality control of medical devices and drugs Habibullo Jalilov reported the news on the website of the Ministry of Health. “Recently, cases of violation of rules and regulations in the process of issuing prescriptions have become frequent, as well as the prescription of drugs of foreign manufacturers instead of local products.


In 2020, Kazakhstan will introduce the procedure for compulsory licensing of doctors, based on an independent assessment of their skills and knowledge. As noted by specialists on this occasion, it will not only give an opportunity to raise the professional level of the medical staff. It will also create a competitive environment in the health-care industry. As for the patients, this innovation will enable them to choose the attending physician independently.



In the framework of the state program “Year of healthy mother and child,” Uzbekistan has allocated $80 million in the forms of loans and grants on equipment of medical institutions of the republic with modern medical and diagnostic equipment. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev said, “In the course of the program, about nine million women of childbearing age, and almost ten million children underwent medical examination. Steps have been taken towards their health improvement.”



On November 23, during a plenary session of the lower chamber of the Kazakh Parliament, the deputies approved the draft of the new law “On introduction of amendments and additions to some legislative acts of Kazakhstan related to the issues of compulsory health social insurance.” “The Committee proposed to amend Article 53 of the Budget Code of the Republic, Subparagraph 5 of Paragraph 1,” deputy Zauresh Amanzholova said during the presentation of the draft law.



Ashgabat has hosted a scientific-practical conference on diets during childhood obesity, diabetes, as well as methods of treatment of these diseases. The event was organized by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of the country, which was assisted by the staff of the Country Office of the World Health Organization. In addition, the conference participants also examined a physical activity strategy for the European Region, and a new action plan in the field of food products for the period 2015-2020.