Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...

Law & Legal Issues


The Kyrgyz interim government is urging citizens to voluntarily surrender all of their weapons and ammunition, the official Kabar news agency reported Thursday.

Acting Interior Minister Baktybek Alymbekov announced Wednesday a directive that calls for the return by May 1 of all weapons that disappeared since the country sank into unrest in early April.

The minister said any weapons apart from those owned by the military and police force are illegal and any citizens who fail to turn them in face criminal liability.


Two police officers have been arrested in northern Tajikistan in connection with the recent death in police custody of Usman Boboev, RFE/RL's Tajik Service reports.


40-year-old Japanese freelance journalist Kosuke Tsuneoka has been kidnapped in Afghanistan, according to Japanese media.

Thursday morning Tsuneoka said in his posting on Twitter that he had been going into a Taliban-controlled area in the north of the country early Wednesday.

Kosuke Tsuneoka worked in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Russia’s Chechnya; he entered Afghanistan last month, visiting Kabul and Jalalabad, according to report by Tokyo Broadcasting System.


Tajikistan's top court on Wednesday sentenced 56 followers of Tablighi Jamaat (TJ), a radical Muslim group, for extremist activities in the Central Asian state.

"Twenty-three defendants were given jail terms of between 3 and 6 years, while the remaining 33 individuals were fined between [$8,000 and $16,000]," a court spokesman said.

The members of the group were arrested in a mosque in Dushanbe in December 2009. The trial began several weeks later. It was held behind closed doors at a Dushanbe pretrial center.


All drug users and dealers in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and other neighboring countries know that marijuana grows in the Chuy valley. There is no way this narcotic herb can be destroyed: dig over the land just to see more of it growing there in the next year, pull out seven meter long roots to bring sand into villages or bury roads under it. A decision was made in Kazakhstan to build a hemp processing plant to manufacture medicine and fiber. However these intentions counter bureaucratic hindrances and lack of understanding on the side of drug fighters.


Ozodlik (Uzbek Service of RFE/RL) reports that Maxim Popov, 28-year old psychologist and the author of "HIV and AIDS today" book, was sentenced to 7 years of jail in Uzbekistan.