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Law & Legal Issues


The Russian Federation has addressed Turkmenistan suggesting new legal options of solving the problem related to almost 9,600 Turkmen dual nationals (persons with dual nationality), who have received Russian citizenship as a second one after Turkmenistan adopted laws on non-recognition of dual citizenship. As a result, these persons lost the right to have Turkmen passports. According to deputies of the Russian Federation Council, it is necessary to make appropriate changes to the related regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan.



The Tajik parliament has adopted a number of amendments to the national penal code, providing for the possibility of an alternative punishment in the form of fines for those convicted of crimes connected with bribery. In particular, it allows for avoiding jail time by paying a fine of TJS200 ($24) per one day in prison. For example, a person convicted of bribery and sentenced to seven years in prison obtains the right to pay for the entire period of detention approximately TJS511,000.



In Kyrgyzstan, the employees of the State Customs Service of the Republic jointly with the State Service on Drug Control suppressed an attempt of exporting a large batch of drugs (heroin) to the Russian Federation. The press office of the agency reported the news, adding that an organized criminal group specializing in smuggling of Afghan drugs was detained during the operation. “Drugs were transitted through the territory of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan to the Russian Federation,” the press release reads.



Turkmenistan has strengthened medical control on its borders in order to prevent the A/H1N1 influenza from ingression into the country. Appropriate safety measures have been introduced at the international airports of Ashgabat and Turkmenbashi, as well as in the international port of Turkmenbashi on the Caspian Sea. According to local media, the decision was taken at the government meeting that discussed issues related to prevention of an influenza epidemic.



Kyrgyzstan's law enforcement authorities have managed to detect a major channel of money laundering and exporting. This was made by the Anti-Corruption Department of the State Committee on National Security of Osh province, as reported by the press service of the agency. A series of operational search activities were carried out by the Committee, which made it possible to identify numerous cases of large-scale laundering of funds that were smuggled into the country.



In Tajikistan, a group of deputies of the national parliament has prepared draft amendments to the current Constitution of the Republic, as reported by local news agencies. On January 11, at a meeting of the lower house of parliament, deputy Mahmadali Vatanov suggested that commissions and committees should examine the draft amendments to the Constitution of Tajikistan and determine the date for the nation-wide referendum concerning their adoption. As reported, the draft amendments were proposed by a joint group of deputies of the lower and upper chambers of the Tajik parliament.


From the beginning of 2016, all the laws, regulations and orders of the Government and the President of Uzbekistan, as well as other regulatory and legislative acts will undergo an obligatory anti-corruption expertise. According to the decree of the Ministry of Justice, the term “anti-corruption expertise” means a check of draft documents to identify corruption factors in their contents. In turn, the term “corruption factors” means the factors that can favor corruption in the process of law enforcement.



During the recent Astana-based extended meeting of the Parliamentary Committee on Innovative Development, Economic Policy and Entrepreneurship, the Senate (the upper house of the Kazakh Parliament) considered a number of draft laws on issues related to the field of nuclear energy. The news was announced on the official website of the republic's government on December 21. In particular, the meeting discussed the draft law “On the use of nuclear energy,” as well as a number of consequential amendments to the existing legislation on the use of nuclear energy.


The Parliament of Kazakhstan has adopted a number of amendments to the law on NGOs, which are aimed at establishing a transparent mode of operation. Now, starting with next year, the non-profit organizations will have to submit regular reports on their activities at regular intervals, within the period prescribed by law. At the same time, experts note, the new Law on NGOs is more liberal than a similar law in Russia, because it doesn’t provide for a criminal liability of NGOs, and foreign funding is not seen as a political lobbying.



The so-called "Mobile slavery" has been abolished in Kazakhstan by the new law "On Information", which was signed by the President Nursultan Nazarbayev on Wednesday, November 25. This document envisaged the continuation of the informatization of the country through the legislative introduction of an effective system of its organization meeting international standards.