Archaeological finds proves that Syria was inhabited deep into the Stone Age.
Ca. 10,000 BCE: Permanent settlements along Euphrates river, the earliest of man.
Ca. 6500 BCE: Ugarit is first settled.
4th millennium BCE: Earliest traces of urban settlement near Damascus.
Ca. 2900: A mercantile centre in eastern Syria emerges, at Mari.
Ca. 2600: A mercantile centre in north-central Syria emerges, at Ebla, becoming a rival of Mari.
Mesopotamians and Hittites
Around 2300: Ebla destroyed by the Akkadian dynasty of Sumer.