Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...

Iraq

29.10.2009

c. 6750 BCE Pigs are domesticated in modern Iraq.
c. 3500 BCE Known as Mesopotamia, the world's first civilization developed in Sumer, a region now in southeastern Iraq.
0633 Muslims conquered Syria and Iraq.
0680 Tragedy of Karbala (in modern Iraq): Troops from Umayyad caliph Yazid I (645 - 683) murdered Husayn (c. 626 - 680) who, for the Shiites, was really the legitimate successor to the caliphate. This triggered the Shi'ites' open and violent revolt against Umayyad rule, with the anniversary of Husayn's death becoming a Shi'ite day of mourning.