Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...



In 224 Sassanid dynasty began joining up of Iranian lands. Soon they manage to create a strong centralized state – at first slave, and by the 6th century – early feudal. In the times of greatest power it subordinated Mesopotamia, partly Transcaucasia and Central Asia, for the short period - Syria, Palestine, Minor Asia and Egypt. It was created a rich and distinctive artistic culture of the Sasanian state, in creation of which took part many peoples of the conquered countries. In its turn, Sassanid culture had a great influence on neighboring countries, in particular on the Byzantine Empire.


Remains of the ancient agricultural settlements with dwellings trace back to the Neolithic (5th millennium B.C.) To this epoch also belong multi-room adobe houses (4th millennium A.D.) with traces of the wall paintings (Tepe-Sialk, near Kashan). Works of art are ivory knife handles in the shape of animal heads and a schematic of the human figure, bone and terra-cotta figurines of people and animals.


The nature of Iran is surprisingly various. This is the majesty of the mountains, and insipidity of the desert, it is salt marshes, "lunar" rocky plains, colorful mountain, as if things out-of-hand of the artist and expressionist ... In the spring, especially in mountainous areas Iran's land affects with the tropical exuberance of vegetation in the autumn, the sun burned and waterless She is strict and solemn.


Actually Ali Kapu Palace is a pavilion, serving the entrance to the vast royal residential quarter of Isfahan of the Safavid era, which stretched from the Imam Square (MaidanNaqsh-i-Jahan) to the ChaharBagh Boulevard. The name comes from two components: "Ali", which in Arabic is an appeal to some respected people and the Turkic word "Qapu", meaning gate or entrance. It was chosen by Safavids to overshadow the name of the Ottoman Empire Court, calling Bab-i Ali, or "Sublime Porte".


Teheran is the capital of Iran. This is one of the largest cities in the Middle East and the largest city in the country, its administrative, economic, industrial and cultural center. Teheran is located at an altitude of 1200 m on the southern slope of Mount Tochal, which is part of the Elbrus mountain range. Variation in elevation within the city is 700 m.


When you visit the Islamic Republic of Iran you should be cautious in your behavior and some statements, not to offend the religious feelings of local residents. This particularly applies to the clothing and gender relations. The country adopted a separate passage for men and women in public transport (even on the funicular to the cashier often line up two queues - male and female). Wearing the “hijab” ("clothing of the modesty") is mandatory for women.


Initially it makes sense to divide theme of Iranian cuisine into two parts. The fact is that at the background of really delicious and rich cuisine came from ancient Persia there is lack of good and affordable restaurants in modern Iran, where you can enjoy the same kitchen. In contrast to the Arab states, Iran has not a large number of outdoor cafes and restaurants. Tourists usually have to spend some time looking for a restaurant.


224-651 AD - Sasanian dynasty rules Persia; Zoroastrianism is dominant religion.

636 - Arab invasion brings end of Sasanian dynasty and start of Islamic rule.

9th century - Emergence of modern Persian language (or Farsi), written using a form of Arabic script.

9-13th century - Decline of Islamic Caliphate; rise of Seljuk Turk dynasties.

1220 - Invasion by Mongol forces of Genghis Khan.

1501 - Shah Ismail I becomes first ruler of Islamic Safavid dynasty; Shi'i Islam declared state religion.