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On the 14th of January, 1992 the Parliament of Uzbekistan adopted a decision to move all military units and formations, military educational institutions and other units stationed on the territory of the country under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Thus began the creation of its own Armed Forces.

Monument of the great commander of Uzbekistan Amir Temur (Tamerlane)


The song is an ancient folk genre. Of course, it is concerned primarily to the ritual song, which is closely related to labor processes, with numerous folk customs, beliefs, and emerging on the basis of their rituals. To the ritual songs belong the calendar and ritual songs, family ritual songs, incantations, lamentations.

Calendar –ceremonial songs appeared on the basis of certain rituals dedicated to the changing of the different seasons, and to some natural phenomena, typical for spring, summer, autumn, winter.


At the heart of the development of Uzbek literature is rich folklore - amateur and folk arts. People wrote and passed from mouth to mouth heroic epics whose characters became heroes who fought against oppression and oppressors, depicted in the images of evil forces. Thus were born such epic works of Uzbek folklore as "Ker-oglu" and "Alpamysh." The poem "Alpamysh" tells the story of the courage and bravery of the Uzbek athletes. This poem survived the centuries and became a real monument of Oriental literature.


The Registan square

The Registan square is located in the centre of a historical part of Samarkand. The word "Registan" is translated as «the bulk area». For a long time Registan had been a place where the big fairs and craft markets functioned. Here the big city actions were carried out.

On the Registan square three buildings settle down harmoniously: Ulugbek madrassas (1417 - 1420), Sher-Dor Madrassas (1619 - 1636), Tillja-Kari Madrassas (1647 - 1660).


It is possible to speak about Uzbek cuisine, only swallowing plentiful spittle, therefore as from names of these appetizing dishes – pilaf, manty, shurpa, the shish kebab, lagman, samosa – blows as such magic aroma that it is simply unimaginably to keep calmness. All of us desire to eat it immediately, when it is just from the fire and enjoy unusual taste … Uzbek cuisine love and esteem all over the world. It is the brightest and various on the flavoring and external qualities kitchen in the east.


Traditions Uzbekistan national carpet making are extraordinary ancient, they are considered as the result of work and creative searches of many generations. The carpets created by numerous skilled workers, working in-home, basically, in countryside of Uzbekistan, are perfect both on the technician, and on the decorating. National skilled workers carefully store and develop talently fine art traditions of carpet-making.
The Uzbek carpet products can be divided on three kinds – short-nap carpets - gilam, long-nap julhirs and palas fabrics.


The art ceramics takes a worthy place in national applied art of Uzbekistan and its manufacture was one of the most advanced crafts. By the times of the deepest antiquity there ascend its first samples that were found out by archeologists on the territory of the republic, at all times the best products of the Uzbek art ceramics with rare expressiveness and laconicism revealed original lines of the creative national genius.


/He was born in 1904/
Turgunbai Gaipov is a well-known Uzbek storyteller who was born in Margilan. Love to the books came to him in the childhood. Parents and brothers, being competent people, didn't come back home from a market without the new book. The boy involved colorfully issued selections of Navoi, Fizuli and other masters of a writing. Occurrence of the new book in the Gaipovs’ house was rather special event.


c2300BC A civilization later called the Bactria Margiana Archeology Complex existed in what later became Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Evidence of writing was found at the Annau ruins in 2000.
(SSFC, 5/13/01, p.A12)

355/356BC Birth of Alexander the Great (d.323BC). Alexander III married a barbarian princess, Roxana, the daughter of the Bactrian chief Oxyartes. Alexander also married the daughter of Darius, whom he defeated in 333, and a Sogdian princess while staying firmly attached to his comrade, Hephaistion.
(V.D.-H.K.p.68)(Hem., 2/97, p.116)(WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W11)