Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...

Syria

12.02.2013

Head of the Syrian National Council George Sabra said that the explosion that occurred yesterday at the Cilvegozu checkpoint on the Turkish-Syrian border was directed against his convoy, Al Arabiya TV channel reported today.

He said Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's regime deliberately carried out an attack on the border when he was heading to Turkey along with a delegation of the Syrian National Council.

The death toll as a result of an explosion in the province of Hatay killed 13 people, three of whom were Turkish and 10 were Syrian. Around 27 more were injured, nine of them Turks.

04.02.2013

Syria's opposition leader flew back to his Cairo headquarters from Germany on Sunday to explain to skeptical allies his decision to talk with President Bashar al-Assad's main backers Russia and Iran, Reuters reported.

The Russian and Iranian foreign ministers, and U.S. Vice-President Joe Biden, portrayed Syrian National Coalition leader Moaz Alkhatib's new willingness to talk with the Assad regime as a major step towards resolving the two-year-old war.

04.02.2013

Two Russians, kidnapped in Syria in mid-December 2012, were released in exchange for a captured insurgent, RIA Novosti quotes the Russian Foreign Ministry's website as reporting on Monday.

'The Russians have already been delivered to the embassy in Damascus. They are healthy and feel good. They were given an opportunity to contact their relatives', the report says.

23.01.2013

Clashes between the Free Syrian Army and government forces in different regions of the country over the past day killed at least 143 people, Al Jazeera TV channel reported on Wednesday.

Most of the dead are residents of Aleppo. As the TV channel reported, the government forces use Scud missiles against opposition forces.

18.01.2013

Iran has condemned terrorist activities in Syria, describing the terrorist elements as those operating simultaneously against the people of Syria, Syrian opposition, and government, Press TV reported.

"From our standpoint, those who attack wheat silos and power plants which supply electricity to people's houses are not opposition, but are terrorists opposed to the people of Syria," Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, the deputy Iranian foreign minister for Arab and African affairs, said on in Beijing where he is on a state visit.

14.01.2013

Syrian activists say a regime attack on Damascus' rebellious suburbs has killed at least 34 people, including seven children, AP reported.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Monday that 19 of the dead, including all seven children, were killed by government airstrikes and artillery in eastern Ghouta district on Sunday.

The rest of the casualties were in a host of other towns and villages outside the capital.

The Observatory said that Sunday's bombardment was among the heaviest of Syria's during 22-month-old conflict.

14.01.2013

Clashes between the Free Syrian Army and government forces in different regions of the country over the past two days killed at least 169 people, the Al Arabiya TV channel reported on Monday.

Most of the dead are residents of Deraa and Idlib.

Anti-government protests have continued in Syria for more than a year and half. According to UN, the total number of victims of the conflict in Syria exceeds 60,000.More than 230,000 have become refugees with around three million in need of humanitarian assistance. The Syrian authorities say they oppose the well-armed militants.

11.01.2013

Syria peace envoy Lakhdar Brahimi was in talks with top diplomats from Russia and the United States in Geneva on Friday, in a bid to help bridge their differences over the conflict-torn country, dpa reported.

The US wants Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step down, while Russia says it is a matter for Syrians to decide.

The meeting between the veteran Algerian diplomat, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov and his US Deputy Secretary of State William Burns is their second since December 9.

11.01.2013

Syria's main opposition bloc Friday called on Russia to stop insisting that President Bashar al-Assad be included in any political solution to the country's crisis, dpa reported.

"We are hopeful that the Russians would soon come to the same conclusion reached by (UN envoy Lakhdar) Brahimi and the US that al-Assad cannot be part of the solution," Walid al Bunni, the spokesman for the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, told dpa from Budapest.

11.01.2013

Syrian peace envoy Lakhdar Brahimi and top Russian and US diplomats on Friday called for a quick political solution to end the Syrian conflict, after a meeting which apparently produced no concrete proposals, reported dpa.

"We are all very, very deeply aware of the immense suffering of the Syrian people, which has gone on for far too long," Brahimi said after meeting Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov and US Deputy Secretary of State William Burns in Geneva.