Currently, Turkmenistan is trying to diversify its market for the supply of natural gas in order not to fall into complete dependence on the only largest customer - China. According to the experts, a pipeline that would pass through Afghanistan to Pakistan and further to India could reduce this dependence to some extent (this project is known as TAPI). However, despite some recovery in the last few months, this project is still as far from completion as it used to be at the time when the idea of its construction appeared in the 1990s.
During the meeting of Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov with the Minister of Oil of the Islamic Republic of Iran Bijanov Namdar Zangane held in Ashgabat, the opportunities for further expansion of bilateral ties in the oil and gas sector were discussed. This was reported on Friday, November 7, by Turkmen media, which indicated that the Iranian party expressed its interest "in deepening and expanding the previously established contacts in the oil and gas sector, to the integrated development of which a particular attention is paid in both countries".
The President of Austria Heinz Fischer sent a message to the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, saying that he awaited his counterpart’s visit to Austria next year with great pleasure. According to Heinz Fischer, this visit will contribute to the expansion and deepening of relations between the two countries. This was announced last Thursday, November 6 by the national TV channel of Turkmenistan, adding that in his message the President of Austria wished the Turkmen people prosperity and welfare.
Although the military doctrine of Turkmenistan has exclusively defensive character, however, the country intends to further strengthen its armed forces. This was said by the President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov at a meeting of the National Security Council, as announced on Wednesday, November 4, by the Government press service.
As of today, more than 1.05 million tons of raw cotton has been harvested in Turkmenistan. Thus, the cotton growers of the country have fulfilled the previously outlined plan, as reported to the President of Turkmenistan by heads of Akhal, Lebap, Dashoguz and Mary Provinces. In his address to agriculture workers, the President noted that the state has created all the conditions necessary for effective cotton cultivation, which ensures rich harvests of the crop.
The President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov within one working day received three representatives of foreign delegations having arrived in the capital of the Republic on official visits. The Economy Minister of Turkey Nihat Zeybekchi, the Governor of Astrakhan region of Russia Alexander Zhilkin and the Deputy Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Valery Diehl arrived in Ashgabat on the eve of the celebrations dedicated to the Independence Day of Turkmenistan.
On Monday, October 20 the annual meeting of the Council of Elders of the Republic took place in the Turkmen city of Turkmenabat, in the course of which the highest priority issues related to the development of the country were discusseed. This event involved the elders, deputies and government members, managers and employees of ministries and departments, law enforcement agencies and the Ministry of Defence, public organizations and political parties, heads of regions, cities and districts.
In 2015, Turkmenistan plans to begin construction of the international TAPI gas pipeline, which will link the republic with Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. In addition, work will continue in the framework of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline, and in 2016 the fourth branch (branch D) of the gas pipeline, which will deliver "blue fuel" from Turkmenistan to China via Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan should be completed. This was announced by the President of the Republic Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, during his speech at a meeting of the Council of Elders of the country.
In the town of Mary, located in the eastern region of Turkmenistan, a large new gas-chemical complex was commissioned, which will produce such important products of the chemical processing such as ammonia and urea. This facility was built by the State Concern "Turkmenhimiya", and the contractors are the companies Ronesans Turkmen (Turkey) and Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd, Sojitz Corporation (Japan), included into the Japanese-Turkish concern. Most of the funds needed for the project, were allocated by the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation.
At present, sea pipelines in Russia are considered to be the most effective and environmentally safe means of transporting natural gas through the areas of marine water, which is confirmed by the experience (subject to the provisions of the EIA) of design, construction and operation of the pipelines in the Baydaratskaya Bay, in Baltic ("Nord Stream") and Black ("Blue Stream" and "South Stream") seas.
"Great gas game" of the European Union, Russian Federation and Turkmenistan has reached the stage, where it is no longer about the detection of the winner, but it is a question of the many players’ existence. The deep crisis of the European Union together with outbreaks of civil clashes, threatening the existence of Asian dictatorships and directly threatening the regime of Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, make the most immediate problem for the implementation of any long-term projects.
Turkmen authorities reacted to the attention of foreign media to the political situation in the republic very painfully. At the same time the regime of Gurbangula Berdimuhamedov has a strict policy to preserve the monopoly influence on the minds of the country’s citizens, but he also uses the possibilities to spread the influence in the Turkmen communities outside the state.
Against the background of the Israeli officials’ statements on high alert for war with Iran and the IAEA report on the two-year efforts of the Islamic republic to develop nuclear weapons, the special significance was the Turkmenistan's position as the country that could be a crucial springboard for attack, or, conversely, the reliable rear of defense. It is known that for a long time Israel and Iran had mutual influence on Turkmenistan in order to win it over in the process of determining the question of war or peace.
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov’s predictable and decisive victory at the presidential elections in Turkmenistan gave the foundation to the state officials to make the statements about outlines of the country’s future. The words of Ambassador of Turkmenistan in Uzbekistan Soltan Pirmuhamedov about radical change in the historical periods on separately taken east coast of the Caspian Sea look the most important among such statements.