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War & Terrorism, Tajikistan


According to the recent report of the International Center for Combating Terrorism, the natives of Tajikistan are more likely to become suicide bombers of the Islamic State than people from other countries. As indicated in the document, in the period December 2015 – December 2016, 27 terrorist attacks were carried out in Iraq and Syria by suicide bombers who has arrived from Tajikistan.


On November 9, the US Embassy in Tajikistan issued an official message, warning about the threat of terrorist acts occurring in the republic. According to the US diplomatic mission, there is information about possible attempts of terrorist groups to cross the Afghan border; after that they might try to perform a number of attacks in crowded places. Therefore, US citizens have been advised to avoid public transportation if possible.


For the second time during the year, Tajikistan has launched counter-terrorism exercises in its territory with participation of the CSTO countries. According to the media, the exercises involve about 1,500 soldiers representing the command staff and special units of military, air, electronic and other types of intelligence. “I hope the current exercises will be successful.


During the next two years, the United States will allocate $50 million to support the fight against terrorism in Central Asia, with most of these funds to go to Tajikistan. This is stated in the documents posted on the official website of the US military department (the Pentagon). “Within the program of support of the partners in the fight against terrorism in Central Asia, it is proposed to allocate financial resources to deal with the terrorist organization Islamic State and the Taliban, and to promote regional stability.


ISIS is participating in war conflicts in Syria and Iraq. The number of Tajiks among members of ISIS is shortened these days. Local media were provided with such statistic by law enforcement authorities of Tajikistan. According to officials, there are about 500 Tajiks fighting for ISIS. These people left for the terrorists from the northern part of the republic of Tajikistan. The recruiters succeeded in involving 110 persons from Sogdia district. This area is located near to the republic of Kyrgyzstan. 



Over the past seven years, in the period 2008-2014, Tajikistan has increased military spending from the state budget more than twofold – from $50 million in 2008 to $104 million in 2014. This is stated in the report delivered by experts of SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). According to the data presented, the share of military expenditures increased the following way: 1.0 percent of national GDP was spent on the defense in 2008, while in 2014 the share was already 1.1 percent, which in monetary terms amounts to $12.4 per capita.



Russia may resume its participation in the protection of the border between Tajikistan and neighboring Afghanistan, because of the recent intensification of actions of radical Islamic militants from groups based on Afghan territory. "I do not exclude that we will do it" - so the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Yuri Borisov replied to a journalist question about the possibility of returning to the Tajik-Afghan border,. He also added that the issue would be discussed at the highest level, during the meeting of the Presidents of Russia and Tajikistan.


Over 30 thousand people are taking part in anti-terrorist and tactical exercises that are held for four days in Sogd garrison of Tajikistan. As reported by the national media, this event will involve not only representatives of law enforcement agencies, but also reservists, military commissioners and the heads of all districts and towns of Sogd region.


In the Tajik city of Khorog, located on the territory of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, unknown persons made an armed attack on the Regional Department of State National Security Committee. Such information was told reporters in the regional administration, which also noted that as a result of the shootout between gunmen and police officers, two of the attackers were killed. In addition, there are wounded, however, officials didn’t specify, to which party they belong.


Also they didn’t make any comments about the incident.


In Tajikistan undercover men could prevent diversion at the largest in the Republic industrial enterprise – the aluminum plant belonging to “Talko”company. It was reported to representatives of mass media in law enforcement agencies, that this event took place that Wednesday, April 9. “The criminal group, which consisted of seven or eight people, has been arrested. Its purpose was explosion preparation on "Talco" territory" – the journalists received this message from the law enforcement officers.