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Law & Legal Issues, Tajikistan


On August 25, the lower house of the Tajik Parliament approved the draft law that provides amnesty to some categories of convicted defendants, accused and suspects of crimes, which had been put forward by President Emomali Rahmon on August 17. According to the press service of the republic's parliament, the new law will be the fifteenth of its kind in the years of Tajikistan's independence. It will be applied to 12,000 people, of which about 3,000 people will be released from prisons, and more than 4,000 people will be exempt from non-custodial sentences.


According to the government, the law will not be published by the authorities up until the date of its adoption. As reported earlier, the legislative act is prepared in the framework of the upcoming festive date of the 25th anniversary of Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan.


“The amnesty law is a legal document developed without premature publicity, in an atmosphere of secrecy,” said Barno Sayvalizoda, representative of the executive office of the President of Tajikistan.



In Tajikistan, the deputies of the lower house of the national parliament approved amendments to the Criminal and Administrative Codes of the Republic, which introduce more stringent penalties for a number of types of road traffic offenses. For example, the administrative responsibility for driving while intoxicated or without license is replaced with criminal penalties if the violation is committed repeatedly. In addition, drivers who use somebody else's license plates will be prosecuted if the violation is committed repeatedly.



On June 17, the lower house of the Tajik parliament approved a new draft of the Labor Code of the republic. The draft law was developed in 2015 on behalf of President Emomali Rahmon. In late August 2015, it was for the first time submitted for discussion to the supreme legislative body of the republic.



The Tajik parliament has adopted a number of amendments to the national penal code, providing for the possibility of an alternative punishment in the form of fines for those convicted of crimes connected with bribery. In particular, it allows for avoiding jail time by paying a fine of TJS200 ($24) per one day in prison. For example, a person convicted of bribery and sentenced to seven years in prison obtains the right to pay for the entire period of detention approximately TJS511,000.



In Tajikistan, a group of deputies of the national parliament has prepared draft amendments to the current Constitution of the Republic, as reported by local news agencies. On January 11, at a meeting of the lower house of parliament, deputy Mahmadali Vatanov suggested that commissions and committees should examine the draft amendments to the Constitution of Tajikistan and determine the date for the nation-wide referendum concerning their adoption. As reported, the draft amendments were proposed by a joint group of deputies of the lower and upper chambers of the Tajik parliament.


The lower house of the Tajik parliament during its regular meeting held on Wednesday, November 25, approved a number of amendments to the country's law "On Combating Terrorism". According to them, the authorities were given the right to block access to mobile communications and the Internet at the time when anti-terrorist operations are carried out.


State officials of Tajikistan have lost the right to open bank accounts outside the country, as well as keep jewelry and money on them. The corresponding amendments to the existing law «On civil service» were adopted on Wednesday, November 18 by the lower house of parliament. In addition, in accordance with the new version of the law, civil servants are also prohibited to purchase any types of real estate in the territory of foreign countries.



The lower chamber of the Tajik parliament approved amendments to the current legislation of the republic, according to which fines for engaging in prostitution will be doubled. It happened on Thursday, October 15 as a result of unanimous decision of parliament who supported the previously proposed by the government amendments to the Code of Administrative Offences and the Procedure Code of Administrative Offences.


According to the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, today it’s necessary to hurry up with the adoption of the new Law of the Republic on migration. So, he instructed the government to develop a draft of the document before the end of this year. This happened during the speech of the head of the state in the highest legislative body of the country, when he raised such an important for Tajikistan issue as labor migration. "The law should reflect all the rights of migrant workers, as well as their legal and social protection.