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Law & Legal Issues, Kyrgyzstan


In mid-August, Kyrgyzstan will bring into force a law to introduce a stricter liability for extremist and terrorist activities. Head of State Almazbek Atambayev signed it on August 4.



The amendments to the Basic Law of Kyrgyzstan – the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic – have become available to the public through publication on the website of the Jogorku Kenesh. The proposal to introduce such amendments was put forward by several Mps: Chynybay Tursunbekov, Isa Omurkulov, Omurbek Babanov, Kanat Isaev, Bakyt Torobaev, Altynbek Sulaimanov and others. In favor of the need for reforms, the deputies provide the following arguments:



In Kyrgyzstan, the republic's government has proposed to introduce a luxury tax for owners of luxury cars and mansions. The corresponding draft law was presented by the Ministry of Economy of the Republic on June 27. “In order to further improve the fiscal policy pursued by the state and implement Kyrgyzstan's fiscal policy for the period 2015-2020, it is expected to implement a series of measures, including introduction of the tax on luxury items by revising the rates applicable to certain types of property (both movable and real estate),” the Ministry points out.


Under public pressure, the Kyrgyz parliament was forced to re-vote on the previously rejected draft law regarding introduction of criminalized responsibility for the Muslim rite of marriage with minors. The former decision of deputies caused a huge negative publicity in the republic, and many citizens even accused the deputies of “supporting pedophiles.” In addition, the Ombudsman of the country and representatives of human rights organizations urged the MPs to reconsider this draft law.



In Kyrgyzstan, the employees of the State Customs Service of the Republic jointly with the State Service on Drug Control suppressed an attempt of exporting a large batch of drugs (heroin) to the Russian Federation. The press office of the agency reported the news, adding that an organized criminal group specializing in smuggling of Afghan drugs was detained during the operation. “Drugs were transitted through the territory of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan to the Russian Federation,” the press release reads.



Kyrgyzstan's law enforcement authorities have managed to detect a major channel of money laundering and exporting. This was made by the Anti-Corruption Department of the State Committee on National Security of Osh province, as reported by the press service of the agency. A series of operational search activities were carried out by the Committee, which made it possible to identify numerous cases of large-scale laundering of funds that were smuggled into the country.



Kyrgyzstan has introduced criminal penalties for citizens who take part in the ongoing armed conflict abroad. The corresponding decree was signed by the President Almazbek Atambayev and now the appropriate changes are being made in the Criminal Code. In addition, the document provides for criminal penalties for those citizens of Kyrgyzstan who go abroad for extremist and terrorist training. The news was reported to journalists in the press service of the head of the state on Tuesday, 28 of July.



Kyrgyz Ministry of Health has proposed to limit the sale of energy drinks in the republic. The draft decree "On establishment of restrictions on retail sales and consumption or drinking of alcoholic and non-alcoholic soft drinks" was subjected to the public gaze. This document was "designed to establish the legal framework relating to the drinks distribution and their sale, as well as business regulation." For this purpose, a working inter-ministerial group had been established for investigating the negative effects of energy drinks on the human.


In 2014 a total of 17,863 crimes was committed in Kyrgyzstan, which is slightly less than the result of 2013 (when there were 19,047 crimes). This information was told reporters during a press conference in Bishkek by the Head of the Criminal Investigation Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Adilbek Botobaev. According to him, 12,864 of them have been solved (in 2013 the figure was 12,790). Thus, the coefficient of detection at the end of last year was 72 percent, which is 5 percent better than the result for the year before last (then 67.1 percent of all crimes were solved).


In the course a seminar held in Bishkek on Wednesday, November 26 the Kyrgyz Prime Minister Djoomart Otorbaev required to begin drafting the bill on the introduction of compulsory real property insurance in the country. The head of the Cabinet of Ministers explained this requirement by the fact that today house insurance is a purely voluntary matter, and therefore such cases are very few. At the same time, in his opinion, this problem has become very topical, especially in connection with the recent earthquakes in Issyk-Kul region.