Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...

Middle East


After the disintegration of the USSR and the appearance of new independent states of Transcaucasia and Central Asia on the international stage, the governments of the young countries began to work out the major priorities in their foreign relations. Till 1992 the principle direction of the political activity in post-Soviet countries was the relations consolidation and economic relations development within the frames of the Commonwealth of Independent States.


Today one of the focuses of the world community’s attention is Iranian-American relations that may be called unstable. Consequently the world community expresses hope that a dialog between the conflicting parties will soon begin.
Thus, according to the REGNUM information agency, on March 30, 2009 at a press conference in Moscow Russian Special UNO Representative Vitaly Churkin declared that the UNO expects Iran and the US to start negotiations.


The bilateral relations between Turkey and Israel go back as long as 1949 — right after Israel appeared on the international political arena. Although Turkey was the first Muslim country to establish diplomatic relations with Tel-Aviv, today these relations are rather tense and contradictory.


After the disintegration of the USSR the development of friendly relations with Tajikistan acquired special importance for Iran. The Tajiks is the only Persian-language people in Central Asia that shares similar historic and cultural roots with Iran. After gaining independence the Islamic Republic of Iran intended to establish close social, economic, cultural and political relations with Tajikistan. In 1991 the parties entered into diplomatic relations on the embassy level and worked out a corresponding declaration.


Today you can hardly see a representative of Western mass media who can easily enumerate the leaders of Switzerland, Denmark or Brazil. But if we ask any of them about Iran, we will most surely get any information we want. So let us ask a question: why is it so? But the answer is obvious. This is because all the mass media around the world continually speak of Akhmadinedjad.


On Sunday, October 15, 2009 two big explosions blew up in Bagdad. The time difference between them was one minute. According to the latest information, around 150 people were killed and over 700 were injured.


In the North of Iraq in Nineveh the relations between the ruling Sunni and Arab groups on the one hand and Kurdish political leaders on the other aggravated. The situation tends to transform into an ethnic confrontation between Kurds and Arabs. The problem is that there is a conflict between the Sunni party Al-Hadbaa and the Kurdish Brotherhood group as to the distribution of power. At the 2009 conference the parties failed to reach a consensus.


The Presidential Elections that took place in Iran in June divided the country into two opposing camps: pro-American and anti-American. We had observed a similar situation after the elections in Palestine and Lebanon.


For many people both inside the US and in the whole world Obama’s election as President of the USA was associated with qualitative changes in the foreign policy of Washington. And the presidential aspirant responded to these expectations in his speeches. However, America was very unlikely to introduce any serious changes in its foreign priorities only due to the fact that the new president was a young Afro-American. It was obvious to anyone who had closely observed American history since the times of the Second World War and especially after the disintegration of the USSR.


On September 11, 2001 the United States of America suffered a tremendous blow — the one that America had not encountered since the Second World War. Today there are various points of view and versions of the September 11 events that are proposed by the supporters and opponents of the conspiracy theory.