Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...

Middle East


In late 2016, the media reported that Moscow had contacts with the Taliban. Special Representative of the President of Russia on Afghanistan Z. Kabulov confirmed that the Russian side had contacts with the Taliban. As the main arguments in favor of such a position of Moscow, Z. Kabulov named the fact that the Taliban is fighting against the same insurgents in Afghanistan whom Russian is bombing in Syria. Secondly, the Taliban has rejected the idea of ​​global jihad. Thirdly, their primary goal is to save the country from the occupation and establish an independent government.


The Turkic factor becomes crucial in the involvement of Turkey in the integration processes taking place in Greater Asia and its rapprochement with Russia as a state that is actively promoting these integration projects in the international relations. The fact is, in the prevailing geopolitical situation in the world, Turkey's rapprochement with Russia meets the long-term interests of not only Turkey itself, but also the interests of the Turkic peoples of the Caucasus, Central Asia and Eastern Turkestan.


The city of Aleppo has a population of 2,301,570 people and is considered one of the largest cities not only in Syria, but in the entire Middle East.



One of the main purposes of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) – to fight against international terrorism and to prevent it from penetrating the territory of the CSTO member countries – can only be achieved in close cooperation with Iran. This is due primarily to the fact that Iran has accumulated vast experience in countering international terrorism and extremism, as well as the aggressive policy of their sponsors, such as the United States and Saudi Arabia.


In Turkey, after the failed coup attempt on July 16, 2016, there goes on the sweeping of public ranks supported by the accumulated anti-American sentiment. The latter get amplified every day. Washington becomes a real demon for both the current Turkish leadership and the people of the country.


Truth Will Out



They're not on speaking terms over art. From now on, the relationship between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan will be described with these words. The thing to blame is the hardly talented and barely funny satire on the head of Turkey, which German comedian Ian Bemermann took the liberty of doing while on the air of the “ZDF” TV company.



In terms of religious identity, Syria is a rather unique country. The Alawite sect constitutes about 20 percent of the country's total population and has been running the state for nearly 50 years, with Sunni Muslims representing the overwhelming majority. The Alawites are believed to belong to the right-wing Shiite school. In fact, they are waifs and strays of the Armenian population that lived at the beginning of the 11th century in a state called Kilikian Armenia, situated in the territory of today's Lebanon, Turkey and Syria.


In a small prosperous kingdom of Bahrain, one of the most open and liberal Arab countries, which is rich in oil, fresh water, marine resources that make up the backbone of the economy of this state, happened mass protests of opposition. The riots began in February 2011 on the Pearl Square of the capital, which was later renamed in Tahrir Square (Liberation). Most of the media described this popular uprising in Bahrain as a riot, now common in the Arab world.


In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the undisputed leaders, possessing about 60% of world oil reserves for two. The basis of the economies is oil and gas industry. Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are located in a strategically important part of the world, linking Europe, Africa, Asia and the Pacific.
Countries’ Economics


After the disintegration of the USSR and the appearance of new independent states of Transcaucasia and Central Asia on the international stage, the governments of the young countries began to work out the major priorities in their foreign relations. Till 1992 the principle direction of the political activity in post-Soviet countries was the relations consolidation and economic relations development within the frames of the Commonwealth of Independent States.