Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...

Cental Asia


The presence of a huge number of religious groups and organizations in the Kyrgyz Republic (according to the State Commission on Religious Affairs under the KR Government, there are 2,900 of them) actualizes the issue of their classification. In turn, this necessitates their categorical definition in order to identify those structures whose members demonstrate antisocial behavior that threatens national security.



Quite recently, the Turkmen-Turkish cooperation in the field of cultural exchanges was viewed by the two countries as a progressive and useful one. There were opened several dozens of Turkmen-Turkish schools, a Turkish primary school, the educational center “Bashkent,” and the International Turkmen-Turkish University. In addition, thousands of Turkmen students are studying in Turkish universities. More than 10,000 Turkish citizens are currently living in Turkmenistan. About 500,000 of our compatriots are residing in Turkey.


Formation of the religious situation is strongly influenced by the processes that take place in the socio-cultural sphere, since religion and religious organizations have a relatively free access to these activities – due to the involvement of religion in the very daily life and the impossibility of separating the religious perception of life from the general outlook of the person. In other words, religion is an institution similar to other social institutions that perform their functions and are involved in organization of life of citizens and formation of a person's world.


Religion is what largely determines the overall ideological and political situation in many countries, since the spiritual values form the framework of social consciousness, political and socio-economic views of vast masses of the population, as well as their attitude to certain ideas and political leaders. Because of this, sermons delivered by religious leaders can inspire people to mass demonstrations against or in support of a public policy.



The Western “suppliers” of democracy are stirring up their activities in the direction of Turkmenistan.



On The Issue Of The Kyrgyz-Russian Economic Cooperation



“In 1916, I, a simple and humble Turk, raised the whole of Kyrgyzstan against the Russians,” so said Turkish agent Kushchubashy Selim Sami to adventurer Enver Pasha at the Baku Congress of Muslims. This is a quote from the Istanbul-published book of Turkish agents' memoirs titled “Five Turks in Asia.” And a 1916 leaflet preserved in the archives says, as if in confirmation of the bold adventures of Turkish agents between China's East Turkestan and Russia's West Turkestan: “Muslims!


At the dawn of independence of the Kyrgyz Republic (KR), its Parliament adopted the Law “On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organizations” of 16 December 1991, which was distinguished by extreme softness towards the activities of non-traditional religious organizations in Kyrgyzstan, and was characterized by the OSCE as a normative legal act (NLA) that “adheres to the standards of human rights and does not create any problems in terms of the rights and freedoms of believers and religious associations.”



In April, President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov is to visit Moscow.


Now it is high time to remember and comprehend the historical ties that exist between the peoples of Uzbekistan and Russia. At this point, we should recall the unique moment of history: martial and ceremonial helmets of the Russian princes, including Alexander Nevsky, were made in Samarkand and decorated with Arabic script.



The religious situation is the general expression of the whole complex of religious manifestations observed in a particular area and at a particular time in their relationship with each other and with the society. As correctly observed by scientists, it is one of the essential factors of social, political, spiritual and ideological wellbeing of the country and society.