Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...



At press conferences held during meetings with leaders of other states, President A. Atambaev, unlike his colleagues, speaks very little about the real content side of cooperation between the two countries, the goals and outcomes of meetings. He rarely brings up specific facts or substantiate his statements with numbers and documents. Instead, he limits himself to expressing his opinion, which is not always appropriate. The same pattern is observed during his press conferences and interviews with local journalists.


Each of the republics of the former Soviet Union is passing the stage of forming and gaining the true statehood in its own way. Any problem concerning religion or believers can cause serious disasters in society, provided that the state approaches them formally. And then some extremist forces will take advantage of this circumstance to push their own agenda.



It so happened that Russian President Vladimir Putin's working visit to Bishkek on February 28, 2017 coincided with some rather unfavorable internal political events, to put it mildly. These events have been quietly boiling in Kyrgyzstan for several months.


  • Every creator of a constitution is secretly an Utopian.


  • Frank E. Manuel



The “illogical” presidential election results in the United States have brought the whole world into a mode of anxious waiting. The situation has become pretty uncomfortable for those who openly made fun of Donald Trump's personal, business, and other qualities when he was just a candidate for President of the United States. Some expect that qualitative changes will take place in the US foreign policy, especially in respect of those regions where a full-scale war is ongoing as of today.


After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the downfall of the communist ideology, Kyrgyzstan – just like the entire former Soviet Union – began to experience the natural process of returning to its historical and national roots, including its spiritual roots.


The information obtained through a poll on the objective sides of the population's religiosity demonstrates the multi-directional flow of religious processes, as well as the fact that such a difference in their vectors is largely due not to the internal logic of development of religious relations, but to the influence of foreign religious organizations, as well as the corrupt interference into the activities of religious associations on the part of the public authorities that are in charge of the religious sphere.


Research shows that, despite the low level of religiosity of the population, the religious situation in Kyrgyzstan remains unstable and the pre-conflict; it is capable of transforming into one of catastrophic nature under certain conditions. The reasons of the both deep and situational nature are at the heart of such a possible sharp turn in the religious development of the situation. These reasons are connected primarily to the increasing influence of religion on the political processes occurring in the country.


As of today, non-governmental organizations around the world are the main political actors and elements of the political system. NGOs play an active role in the domestic and foreign policy of any state. In the domestic policy, they act as an additional mechanism of social relations and play an active role in the formation of civil society; in the foreign policy, the act as a tool of public diplomacy and a “soft power.”



In Kyrgyzstan, introducing amendments to the Constitution is becoming habitual, which results from the desire of the ruling political forces to remain in power as long as possible. Such amendments are not at all intended to achieve the objectives of ensuring sustainable and stable development of the country, as stated each time upon their introduction. All know that the Constitution merely formalizes the specific system of government, while practical implementation of this system is carried out by specific individuals, community groups and political associations.