Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...


  • Every creator of a constitution is secretly an Utopian.


  • Frank E. Manuel



The “illogical” presidential election results in the United States have brought the whole world into a mode of anxious waiting. The situation has become pretty uncomfortable for those who openly made fun of Donald Trump's personal, business, and other qualities when he was just a candidate for President of the United States. Some expect that qualitative changes will take place in the US foreign policy, especially in respect of those regions where a full-scale war is ongoing as of today.


After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the downfall of the communist ideology, Kyrgyzstan – just like the entire former Soviet Union – began to experience the natural process of returning to its historical and national roots, including its spiritual roots.


The information obtained through a poll on the objective sides of the population's religiosity demonstrates the multi-directional flow of religious processes, as well as the fact that such a difference in their vectors is largely due not to the internal logic of development of religious relations, but to the influence of foreign religious organizations, as well as the corrupt interference into the activities of religious associations on the part of the public authorities that are in charge of the religious sphere.


Research shows that, despite the low level of religiosity of the population, the religious situation in Kyrgyzstan remains unstable and the pre-conflict; it is capable of transforming into one of catastrophic nature under certain conditions. The reasons of the both deep and situational nature are at the heart of such a possible sharp turn in the religious development of the situation. These reasons are connected primarily to the increasing influence of religion on the political processes occurring in the country.


As of today, non-governmental organizations around the world are the main political actors and elements of the political system. NGOs play an active role in the domestic and foreign policy of any state. In the domestic policy, they act as an additional mechanism of social relations and play an active role in the formation of civil society; in the foreign policy, the act as a tool of public diplomacy and a “soft power.”



In Kyrgyzstan, introducing amendments to the Constitution is becoming habitual, which results from the desire of the ruling political forces to remain in power as long as possible. Such amendments are not at all intended to achieve the objectives of ensuring sustainable and stable development of the country, as stated each time upon their introduction. All know that the Constitution merely formalizes the specific system of government, while practical implementation of this system is carried out by specific individuals, community groups and political associations.


The political instability and armed conflicts in certain countries of the Middle East and North Africa, including the 2011 “Arab Spring,” have significantly influenced the political processes in the world. In light of this, in recent years there have been an intensification in the global trends towards expansion and consolidation of the positions of the so-called “Islamic State,” which is a sign of the emergence of new types of threats. Thus, the national security issues in the region, including the Kyrgyz Republic, emerge full blown.


The Kyrgyz people have a saying: the cauldron has four loops wherever you go. The same prospect is applicable to the situation in the Central Asian region. However and with whoever we discuss the situation in Central Asia, we still focus on Afghanistan, which has today become a major source of threats for almost all of its neighbors. Certainly, the situation in Afghanistan has formed not without an imposing intervention on the part of external forces. Throughout all the new and modern history of this country, there have been constant external interventions.


The religious situation in Kyrgyzstan is largely associated with the increasing religiosity of the people, especially with its subjective aspects. An increase in the overall number of believers and followers of Islam and non-traditional Western Christian religious movements has led not only to an intensification of religious relations, but also to a change in the cultural identity structure of society.