Traditions of the Kyrgyz people were being formed with the help of economic, trade, domestic and other relations with kindred and other tribes that were closely related to the geography of their ha...

After the coup of 19 March 1953 in the socio-political history of Iran there were fundamental changes: the powers of parliament were limited and the absolute power of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was...

In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran are two countries that claim to leadership in the region. With a powerful resources and political potential these countries are the...


It is rather difficult to talk about the place and role of Turkmenistan in the global economic environment. The fact is, our country has to integrate on its own in the world where everyone defends their own interests and is not ready to sacrifice their personal gain. Moreover, the success of a neighbor – and even that of a partner – is perceived as annoying rather than gladdening, so one should be ready to get a stab in the back at any time. But let us consider the good things first.



The Ukrainian public relations experts do not skimp on the loud slogans and striking comparisons. The high self-esteem they showcase in their advertising is absolutely breathtaking. For example, let's consider the advertising of the achievements of the local agricultural industry. This is simply a gem!



Research shows that, despite the low level of religiosity of the population, the religious situation in Kyrgyzstan remains unstable and the pre-conflict; it is capable of transforming into one of catastrophic nature under certain conditions. The reasons of the both deep and situational nature are at the heart of such a possible sharp turn in the religious development of the situation. These reasons are connected primarily to the increasing influence of religion on the political processes occurring in the country.


As of today, non-governmental organizations around the world are the main political actors and elements of the political system. NGOs play an active role in the domestic and foreign policy of any state. In the domestic policy, they act as an additional mechanism of social relations and play an active role in the formation of civil society; in the foreign policy, the act as a tool of public diplomacy and a “soft power.”



In Kyrgyzstan, introducing amendments to the Constitution is becoming habitual, which results from the desire of the ruling political forces to remain in power as long as possible. Such amendments are not at all intended to achieve the objectives of ensuring sustainable and stable development of the country, as stated each time upon their introduction. All know that the Constitution merely formalizes the specific system of government, while practical implementation of this system is carried out by specific individuals, community groups and political associations.


The political instability and armed conflicts in certain countries of the Middle East and North Africa, including the 2011 “Arab Spring,” have significantly influenced the political processes in the world. In light of this, in recent years there have been an intensification in the global trends towards expansion and consolidation of the positions of the so-called “Islamic State,” which is a sign of the emergence of new types of threats. Thus, the national security issues in the region, including the Kyrgyz Republic, emerge full blown.


The death of President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov literally caused a flurry of comments of experts of different caliber, who were almost unanimously expressing concerns about the future of both the country and the entire Central Asian region. There were expressed opinions that contained varying degrees of concern regarding the possible exacerbation of the struggle between clans for power in Tashkent. That would threaten regional security, considering the information available about the penetration of radical Islam in Central Asia.



If you want to amuse God, tell him about your plans. An ambiguous, but historically significant politician – President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov – has shuffled off this mortal coil. Many were surprised – especially in Russia and in the West – with the absence of any cockalorum in terms of the transfer of power following his death. There have been no revolutions or unrest in the country. Everything went clearly, smoothly, in the famous Tashkent manner.


The religious situation in the Republic of Kazakhstan is undergoing tremendous changes due to the liberalization stages in this sphere (granting the right to freedom of religion and others). In recent years, one can observe intensification of ideologies of extremism and radicalism against the background of the spread of destructive religious movements of “export” nature.


The Kyrgyz people have a saying: the cauldron has four loops wherever you go. The same prospect is applicable to the situation in the Central Asian region. However and with whoever we discuss the situation in Central Asia, we still focus on Afghanistan, which has today become a major source of threats for almost all of its neighbors. Certainly, the situation in Afghanistan has formed not without an imposing intervention on the part of external forces. Throughout all the new and modern history of this country, there have been constant external interventions.