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Gaza Events Chronology: 2008–2009

Tuesday, February 2, 2010 - 19:04

By Aman Saliyev
June 19: Thanks to the Egypt intermediary role a six-month cessation of arms period starts between Israel and Hamas.
November 5: Israel closes all the crossing points from the Gaza Strip.
December 14: Hamas’s leader Khaled Meshaal declares a six-month cessation of arms period with Israel.
December 19: The six-months cessation of arms period between Hamas and Israel officially ends.
December 21: Tzipi Livni, Israeli Minister for Foreign Affairs, announces that the primary target of her policy in case she wins the elections will be to overthrow Hamas.
December 27: Israel undertakes military entrance into the Gaza Strip. In the result of heavy bombardment of the Gaza Strip over 225 Palestinians die.
December 28: Israeli Air Forces bombard Islamic University in Gaza and the territories that border on Egypt. Israeli forces engage personnel with reserve obligations for the operation in Gaza.
December 29: Israeli air strikes destroy the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Gaza.
December 30: Missiles launched from the Palestine territories kill three Israelites. The European Union appeals to Hamas to stop missile strikes against Israel and Israel to cease military operations.
December 31: The participants of the UN Security Council hold a special meeting on the problem of the crisis after the failure to negotiate Gaza resolution.

January 1: In the result of an Israeli military operation Palestinian statesman and Hamas member Nizar Reyyan and 14 members of his family are killed.
January 2: Israel starts land operations against Gaza. 11 Palestinians, including one child, are killed after Israelites strike the mosque in Beit Lakhia.
January 4: Israeli military forces split Gaza into two controlled territories and completely surround Gaza. The reason is homicide of an Israeli soldier. The European Commission grants additional USD 4.2 million for emergency assistance to the Gaza Strip and addresses Israel with a request to respect the international law. Israeli air strike hits two ambulance cars in the Gaza Strip. In the result four medical servicemen die.
January 5: Israeli air strikes and artillery fleet strikes kill 45 Palestinians. Nicolas Sarkozy holds negotiations with Hosni Mubarak on cessation of arms in the Middle East.
January 6: Israeli Air Forces strike a UN School in Jabaliya where civilians tried to find shelter. In the result of these air strikes 43 people die and 100 people are injured and wounded. Israeli Air Forces strike two other schools. Two people in Khan Yunis and three people in Shatii refugee camp die.
January 7: As a result of air strikes in the North of Gaza 11 Palestinians die.
Israel resumes violence in Palestinian lands after a three-hour cessation of arms period.
January 8: The UNO suspends the delivery of humanitarian aid to the Gaza Strip after Israel attacks the UN humanitarian convoy. As a result Israelites kill one Palestinian driver and injure two other people. Israeli bulldozer are driven to the territory of Gaza and destroy a number of muildings. Meantime three missiles launched from Lebanon attack the Israeli city of Nahariya. The USA abstain from voting for the acceptance of the UN Security Council resolution addressing both parties to establish cessation of arms and appealing to Israel to withdraw their forces from the Gaza Strip. The resolution is accepted by fourteen votes of the constant UN Security Council members.
January 9: In spite of the UN resolution Israel continues the military operation in Gaza. The number of victims rises up to 770 people, including over 200 children.
January 10: Israel spreads leaflets in the Gaza Strip warning about the beginning of a new stage of hostilities. Israeli Army continues bombardment which results in the death of a family of 8 people. The total number of casualties rises up to 831 people. Hamas’s leader Khaled Meshaal says that Hamas will agree to accept cessation of arms only if Israel withdraws its forces from the Gaza Strip. Khaled Meshaal says that Israel must terminate the military operation in the Gaza Strip and call off a blockade before Hamas agrees to accept the cessation of arms conditions.
January 11: Israel is accused of the use of phosphorous bombs in densely populated districts of Gaza. Israel informs the UNO that its forces on the Golan Heights were attacked by Syrian forces. Israeli Army began sending personnel with reserve obligations to the Gaza Strip.
January 12: Israel carries on the operation and the UN Human Rights Council fulminates against Israeli military activities. In accordance with the UN Human Rights Council an international commission is to be established to investigate and study Israeli operations in the Gaza Strip. As of January 12 in 935 people were killed in Gaza and 4300 injured.
January 13: The President of the United Nations General Assembly Miguel d′Escoto Brockmann criticized Israel for its policy and called homicide of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip genocide.
January 14: The number of victims among Palestinians rose over 1000 people. Venezuela and Bolivia break diplomatic relations with Israel calling Israeli policy in the Gaza Strip “Holocaust.” Bolivia announces an intention to accuse Israeli officials of genocide at the International Criminal Court.
January 15: Israeli artillery shells destroy the UNO humanitarian warehouses. In the result tons of food and medications are destroyed. Three hospitals are artillery struck. During air strikes Palestinian Minister for Foreign Affairs and Hamas representative is killed. His son and brother are also killed. The UN General Assembly accuses Israel of violation of the international law and reproaches the UN member-states for displaying passivity in this respect. During the negotiations through Egyptian intermediaries Hamas shows that it is prepared to accept a one-year-long cessation of arms on condition that Israel withdraws its forces from Gaza within a week and that all the borders around the Gaza Strip are open and are under international control.
January 16: It is quiet in Gaza. At the top-level emergency meeting of Arab countries in Doha after the summons of Syria and Hamas Qatar and Mauritania suspend any economic and political contacts with Israel. Tzipi Livni and Condoleeza Rice sign an agreement on the fight against smuggled weapon in the territory of the Gaza Strip. The UN General Assembly demands that Israel withdraws its forces from Gaza and sings a cessation of arms. In Cairo Egypt still performs the role of an intermediary in the negotiations where a representative of Israel expresses an intention to achieve cessation of arms.
January 17: Over 50 air strikes ar performed in the territory of the Gaza Strip. Israeli fleet keeps on striking the territory of Gaza. 15 people are killed. The UNO demands that an investigation be carried out concerning the bombardment of the school when 5–7-year-old children died.
Egypt claims to be prepared to accept the world leaders at a top-level international meeting on the Gaza Strip crisis. Minister for Foreign Affairs of Egypt Ahmed Abal said that Egypt is not bounded by any obligations on American and Israeli agreement implying that both parties facilitate the fight against smuggled weapons for Hamas. Israeli Prime Minister announces that the military operation in the Gaza Strip is over, but Israeli forces still stay in the territory of Palestine.
January 18: Israeli Air Forces continue bombardment which brings new casualties among civilians. Israeli forces state that their bombardment is the response action for the launch of missiles to Israel from Gaza. Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Wahdat an-Nidal, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and al-Saika declare the beginning of the cessation of arms with Israel in exchange for Israeli withdrawal of military forces from the Gaza Strip within seven days. In response Israel states that any time limitations are not acceptable. In the opinion of the Israeli Military Command, Israeli forces should stay in the territory of the Gaza Strip while there is a possibility for the launch of missiles from Gaza. At the meeting of European and Middle East leaders in Egypt a decision is taken to render humanitarian assistance to Palestine.
January 19: After the suspension of hostilities, Palestinians who live in the Gaza Strip decide to estimate the damage caused by the Army of Israel to the Gaza Strip. Debris clearance search for the victims’ bodies started. Israeli Army that is dislodged in Gaza and consists mainly of reservists, as the Command assures. This army starts redeployment moving towards the borders of Gaza.
Hamas’s leaders declare that their military forces are fully-mission capable and that the 23-day-long Israeli operation against Palestine did not damage the army of Hamas.
January 20: The Amnesty International human rights organization stated that the use of phosphorous bombs by Israel was illegal.
January 21: Israel states that all the forces are withdrawn from Gaza. However, Israeli military fleet is still in the territorial waters of Gaza and still attack the Palestinian territories. The United Nations Secretary-General demands that the bombardment of the UN convoy by Israeli forces be fully investigated.
January 27: At the borderline an explosion of a remotely controlled bomb kills an Israeli soldier and three other soldiers are wounded. Right after that accident Israeli forces open fire and kill a Palestinian farmer. Two Palestinians are wounded in the result of an air strike.

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