Western “Color Revolution” Illusions: Lessons Drawn From The Hong Kong Scenario
Thursday, December 1, 2016 - 23:03
Now, after two years, the illegal protest movement “Occupy Central” in Hong Kong has once again given rise to a discussion of the theme of “color revolutions” in the expert communities of many countries. Although the attempt to implement the “color” scenario in Hong Kong did not meet the expectations of certain Western countries, right now there is a good opportunity to thoroughly analyze the whole process of preparation and organization of the mass so-called “youth protests” under democratic and liberal slogans. In my opinion, a careful study of the details of the Hong Kong events would be useful for any sovereign state for effectively prevention of such actions in the future.
About the movement
Worth recalling, the large-scale street campaign for “fair elections” was launched in Hong Kong in the Admiralty district on the night of September 28, 2014. Then, the protesters moved to the districts Mong Kok, Canton Road, Connaught Road and Causeway Bay, which are the world famous business and financial districts. After that, “thanks” to the media, the Hong Kong protests became known under the two new names: “Occupy Central” and “Umbrella Revolution,” although these two mean the same thing, strictly speaking.
The Chinese Foreign Ministry officials have repeatedly stated, “...Some Hong Kongers are illegally seizing highways, counteracting the police in execution of the law, seriously disrupting the public order. All these are absolutely illegal actions. In addition, some people and forces abroad are trying to interfere in the Hong Kong affairs, to exert their influence on its development; they even incited local residents to participate in the “Occupy Central” campaign and other illegal actions. Hong Kong's affairs belong exclusively to the internal policy of China; the Chinese side is firmly opposed to the intervention of any external forces in the Hong Kong affairs in any form.”
As a result, some Western countries and experts were disappointed with the developments in Hong Kong. The riots that lasted more than two months were eventually stopped by the police forces, who eliminated the camps of the movement “Occupy Central,” and removed the barricades, tents and awnings that had been blocking the city center for 75 days. The attempt to implement the “color revolution” scenario in Hong Kong failed completely.
In due course, there occurred a very “natural” sequence consisting of the “Orange Revolution” in Ukraine, the “Rose Revolution” in Georgia, and then the “Tulip Revolution” in Kyrgyzstan and the “Arab Spring” in Egypt and Libya. As if by itself, the series of mass unrests in various countries reached Hong Kong, where a particularly large-scale social unrest attracted international attention. Given the certain artificiality and customized nature of the Hong Kong events, the question arises: why, for what purpose did the Western non-governmental organizations and prominent international media continuously “add fuel to the fire”?
Worth noting, the “color revolutions” are actually special models of a coups d'état perpetrated by political, information, communication and moral-psychological methods of influence with a flagrant violation of the international law.
The objectives of such unlawful acts may be complete or partial disintegration of the state, its internal qualitative changes or changes in its foreign policy; replacement of the state leadership with a loyal regime; establishment of external control over the country; criminalization of the country and its subordination to the dictate of other states or international organizations.
To achieve these goals, all the “color” scenarios are carefully prepared, especially in terms of early creation and training of the top leaders and special groups, such as youth activists, that are able to organize “protest” actions among the population in order to create a powerful information and psychological pressure on the executive authorities. The Hong Kong events are also a typical example of this.
About the youth
Among the experts, one of the most controversial issues is the question of the place and role of the youth in the modern political processes. The relevance of the discussion of this topic is largely due to the succession of “color revolutions” that swept across countries and regions, including the attempts to implement this kind of scenario in Hong Kong. Here, the most active participants of the “Occupy Central” movement were young people, primarily students. People of the college age are the most active; they are flaring with enthusiasm; they monitor the current events through social networks and react to them; they are easily excited. Therefore, the organizers of the “protests” relied on them; the youth became a potential “powder keg” that could explode at any moment. It is obvious that from the very beginning the organizers of the rebellion were prepared to expand it, and even to develop it into a large-scale conflict. This means that the organizers have prudently chosen the Hong Kong youngsters as “consumables” and, sadly, as the main victim of the situation.
Of course, young people have at all times been involved in all major social upheavals, mainly as the crowd and press. This lability of consciousness, the lack of firmness of attitudes and the instability of social orientations are inherent in the young age, and they determine the role and place of the youth in the socio-political processes.
Unfortunately, in the 21st century, the social and economic development in many countries is characterized by internal contradictions and complexity. The events of recent years (social differentiation of the society and devaluation of the spiritual values; the decline of moral principles; the distortion of the history of the past) have sharply reduced the educational impact of culture, arts, sports and education as the most important factors in the formation of patriotic, spiritual, social and moral values.
As a result, the distortion of the life orientation is often used by various extremists and opposition forces for implementation of their destructive tasks. This implies that the young people – devoid of ideal, immoral, unpatriotic –are an excellent instrument and an excellent crown for implementation of “color revolutions.”
About the puppeteers
The strategy of using the experience of the protest movement “Occupy Central” to destabilize the situation in Hong Kong was developed by western intelligence agencies. And the implementation was entrusted to certain American non-governmental organizations and think tanks operating in the territory of Hong Kong. They spent a lot of time to form the movement “Occupy Central.” Thus, representatives of the US National Endowment for Democracy (NED) began their series of meetings with the key figures of the movement started a few months ago. They discussed the tactics applied, developed specific actions and the plan of their implementation.
With the help of their powerful media opportunities, through specially fabricated texts and images, the Western media exposed the riots against the government and the rule of law, as a “noble movement for democracy,” thus pointedly encouraging the movement “Occupy Central,” contributing to its development. So, The Wall Street Journal wrote about “the awakening of the Hong Kong democracy” and that “Hong Kong residents have just now realized that democracy can only be achieved through struggle.”
Senior Research Fellow of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) Maria J. Stephan wrote a special article entitled “How the Hong Kong protesters can win.” In support of the movement “Occupy Central,” the article used the research data for the last century about the “non-violent movements,” as well as the examples of “civil resistance” experience in several dozen countries.
Although US President Barack Obama said: “The United States are not related to the protests in Hong Kong,” in fact the United States government has not been sitting idly by. Representatives of the White House and the State Department officials, the American diplomats living in Hong Kong – all of them have consistently criticized the process of political reformation in Hong Kong, morally supporting the action “Occupy Central.” Three former US consuls in Hong Kong published an open letter in which they called the system for election of the head of Hong Kong “a departure from democracy.”
The facts show again that the “color revolution” clearly does not include an objective description of the actual state of society. Therefore, external forces are the main driving force behind “color revolutions.” Of course, the street protests and riots taking place in one country have their internal causes and origins; however, these riots are organized not to benefit the people, but to overthrow the existing government, while also introducing the political regime that corresponds to the strategic interests of the West.
When we look at them closer, the Hong Kong events repeat exactly the scenario of color revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East, known as the “Arab springs,” and this circumstance points to the non-random nature of these events. At present, we live in a changing world; the technologies of armed coups are replaced with the finer technologies of color revolutions, which are cleverly disguised as the true revolutionary movements. Therefore, the attempt to implement the color revolution scenario in Hong Kong causes a well-founded concern. There is a growing confidence that Hong Kong is not the end point of this play. It is a bargaining chip in the geopolitical game, in which the brunt of the American directors of color revolutions can be aimed at those countries where the political system is not the most stable.
This reminds of words from a famous Soviet song: a revolution has a beginning, a revolution has no end. The only difference is that the ardent supporters of liberal economy and same-sex marriage interpret the potential of the popular movement in their own way, and their interpretation does not suit us.
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